Prévention des blessures oculaires lors du soudage Copy

Preventing Eye injuries when Welding

Arc-eye, or welder’s flash, is an inflammation of the cornea, caused by ultraviolet radiation from the arc during welding. The symptoms of arc-eye typically appear several hours after exposure, when the eyes become red, watering, and painful, often with a gritty feeling.

An effective overall eye protection program for welding covers these important points:

Review and plan the area where the welding will take place. Note that considerations of fire and explosion are particularly important, and a welding permit may be required.
Make sure the immediate area is free of any tripping hazards; welders have no peripheral vision with the helmet down.
Isolate the area with curtains to absorb radiation if workers other than the welder will be in the area.
Identify and cover any highly reflective surfaces.
Wear the appropriate eye protection selected on the basis of type of welding and visual requirements of the task. If using a helmet, be sure to wear safety glasses with side shields under the helmet.
Others in the area should also wear eye protection, especially if chipping hammers are used.
Keep eye protection in good condition.
Wear clothing and gloves that protect against UV radiation.
Anyone experiencing flash burns should seek medical treatment to avoid infection, and the potential for permanent injury.
Educate welders and others on the hazards of welding and the importance of seeking treatment for flash burns.
It’s important to discuss the proper use and maintenance of PPE.
All PPE should be inspected before use. If lenses are scratched, pitted, or cracked, they should be replaced. Goggle straps that are knotted, twisted, or stretched also should be replaced.
Welders should learn basic first aid for eye injuries so that they are prepared if an accident occurs. For example, don’t remove embedded foreign objects from a welder’s eye, refer for medical help. If the irritant is a small particle of dust or a chemical splash, flushing is recommended to remove it quickly.

Figure 5.6 Safety Tips by ANSI32

Figure 5.8 PPE Training for Eye and Face Protection33

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