Loi n° 47 de 1999 sur l’organisme national de réglementation nucléaire Copy

The National Nuclear Regulator Act, No. 47 of 199922

Exposure to high-intensity non-ionising radiation (NIR) or ionising radiation (IR) can cause considerable damage to the eyes (as well as other parts of the body), therefore special mention is made for workers exposed to any form of radiation. This Act applies to22:

a)

The siting, design, construction, operation, decontamination, decommissioning and closure of any nuclear installation.

b)

Vessels propelled by nuclear power or having radioactive material on board which is capable of causing nuclear damage; and

c)

Any action which is capable of causing nuclear damage

The guideline on the Requirements for Medical Surveillance and Control of Persons Occupationally Exposed to Radiation: Mining and Mineral Processing issued in April 2002 (RD-001)2` and the National Nuclear Regulator Act, No. 47 of 1999, both require the following:

1.

Record of nuclear accidents and incidents and access there to.

2.

The Regulator must22

(a) Keep and maintain a record of the details of every nuclear accident and nuclear incident
(b) Store that record safely
(c) Retain that record for 40 years from the date of the nuclear accident or nuclear incident; and
(d) On the request of any person, make that record available to that person

3.

A comprehensive medical surveillance programme and health register must be established and maintained for all occupationally exposed workers in a form approved by the NNR. All entries in the health register must be made by an appointed medical practitioner or a person so authorised in writing. The holder must retain the register for a period of 40 years from the date of last entry.

4.

An employee must have right of access to his medical records and health register at all times.

5.

After consent has been obtained from the employee, the holder must provide the NNR with access to the employee’s medical records and health register. The NNR may, with the consent of the employee, appoint an independent medical practitioner to assist in the conduct of a review of said records.

6.

A dose register of every occupationally exposed worker must be established and maintained.


Examples of the types of radiation are listed below:

Ionising radiation

    aa  ● aa    X-rays

Non-ionizing radiation

  aa   ● aa   Infrared radiation

aa     ● aa   Microwave radiation

aa     ● aa  Long, medium, and short radio frequencies

  aa   ● aa   Ultrasound

  aa   ● aa  Electromagnetic fields

Ultraviolet radiation

  aa   ● aa    Solar radiation

aa     ●  aa  Artificial non-ionizing radiation

  aa   ● aa    Visible light


Figure 4.1: Examples Radiation